Abaran is located in the Vega Alta del Segura
region, between mountains and orchards, on the banks of the Segura river
It sits at the mouth of the Ricote Valley
and its origins date back to the Bronze Age. However, it was not until the end of the 9th century that the Muslims created the town called “Fauaran”, the predecessor to the current Abaran.
These lands are characterized by a large number of water wheels, most of which, despite the years, continue to function. A visit to these water wheels, which have been declared an Asset of Cultural Interest, allows us to learn about the irrigation system used by the region’s ancestors.
We present our 10 reasons to visit Abaran:
1. The Segura river:
For people who like to go for walks or fish, this river is ideal. In addition, it allows you to appreciate the mountains that surround it, which belong to the Subbaetic System.
The Segura river
has a large number of tributaries, including the Quipar river
, the Guadalentin river
, the Argos river
and the Mula river
2. Old Square or Town Hall Square:
This is located in the heart of the town, between narrow and steep streets, with emblematic areas such as the “Paseo de la Ermita”. It is a quiet area, ideal to enjoy a calm walk in the company of family or friends.
3. Sierra de la Pila Regional Park:
This is a set of mountains that rise above 1,000 meters, ideal for people who like to go on mountain bike tours.
It is recommended that you start with the “La Garapacha” section to “Fuente de la Higuera”, where the different routes have information points.
There are also options for tourists who prefer to walk.
Here, we find a beautiful display of flora (black pines, Aleppo pines, holm oaks, junipers and Kermes oaks) and fauna (golden eagle, Bonelli's eagle, goshawk and peregrine falcon, among many others).
4. Hermitage of the Medical Saints:
This beautiful hermitage stands out for its neo-baroque style. It was the third hermitage built in this place and dates back to 1953.
Two sculptures, made of wood, represent the images of the Medical Saints, Saint Cosmas and Saint Damian, to whom this temple is dedicated.
5. Water wheels:
Of the seven existing water wheels, four are still in operation. The Big Water Wheel stands out, an emblematic soft iron and wood construction dating back to 1808 and restored in 1951. It is considered one of the largest and longest-lasting water wheels in all of Europe, as well as one of the most outstanding symbols of the region of La Vega Alta del Segura.
6. Church of Saint Paul:
This is of great tourist interest for people who like to visit this type of enclosure and appreciate the architecture, art and religious devotion that live in it.
This temple dates from the 16th century and acquired its current distribution in the 18th century.
7. Cervantes Theatre:
This was designed in 1926 by the architect Jose Antonio Rodriguez. Inside are impressive tapestries of the work of Miguel de Cervantes, Don Quixote de la Mancha.
It presents similarities to the Romea Theatre in the city of Murcia. It was declared an Asset of Cultural Interest in 1986 and restored in 2000 by the architect Jose Miguel Templado. It is a symbol of the lyrical tradition in Abaran.
This is made up of the famous “pot stews”, an exquisite mixture of flavours that conquer any palate. One of the typical dishes of the municipality is ratatouille. The inhabitants usually eat it on holidays, accompanied by rice, rabbit or homemade pot meals.
Likewise, its most famous sweets are the “picardías” (made with caramel and hazelnuts), the almond “toñas”, the “bizcochos borrachos” and the “condenados”. (The pastry chefs have kept their recipe secret for many years.)
In this town, various festivals are celebrated during the year, such as Children's Day, which is celebrated after Three Kings' Night. In this celebration, several images of the Infant Jesus are taken out and enter the houses of the town. Also, Christmas carols are sung and a large bonfire is created in the town hall square to end the night.
Likewise, the patroness saint festivities begin with the descent of the virgin from her sanctuary to the Church of Saint Paul, where all the parishioners gather. In addition, the traditional battle of flowers is performed.
Of course, Holy Week also stands out for its beautiful and heartfelt processions.
10. Museum of Abaran:
You can visit the ethnographic or trade room, made up of donations from private funds and divided into six zones, which recreate the most emblematic trades of the municipality from the 19th to 20th centuries.